aging

AGE LAB MIT

Sitio: http://agelab.mit.edu/

Fue creado en 1999 para inventar nuevas ideas y traducir creativamente las tecnologías en soluciones prácticas que mejoren la salud de las personas y les permitan “hacer cosas” a lo largo de la vida. Es un programa de investigación multidisciplinario que trabaja con empresas, gobiernos y ONG para mejorar la calidad de vida de las personas mayores y de quienes las cuidan.

Dentro de sus líneas de investigación se encuentran:

  1. Cuidado y Bienestar
  2. Servicios del hogar y logística
  3. Retiro y planeación de la longevidad
  4. Transporte y comunidades habitables

¿Que herramientas y métodos utilizan para investigar sobre envejecimiento y vejez?

Data Studio

Gestiona datos originales de campo, laboratorio, en línea y encuestas que incluyen conducción en carretera, actitudes financieras en varios países, uso y adopción de tecnología, cuidado, confianza y tecnología, servicios de vivienda y hogar, y comportamientos de salud y bienestar .

Delayed Digit Recall (n-back) Task

Es un método de calibración desarrollado por el MIT AgeLab que aumenta sistemáticamente la demanda cognitiva impuesta a un individuo. El laboratorio ha utilizado esta tarea en una serie de carga de trabajo del conductor y estudios de distracción.

Prestar atención a la carretera no es una operación binaria; los conductores pueden prestar diversos grados de atención a la tarea en cuestión. Para simular esto, las tareas de contar 0, 1 y 2 de vuelta modelan niveles crecientes de carga cognitiva, que a su vez reducen la atención al escanear el camino. Esto tiene como objetivo modelar de manera objetiva lo que un individuo puede experimentar mientras, por ejemplo, tiene una conversación telefónica, incluso si la llamada telefónica es con manos libres.

Esta herramienta de investigación se está utilizando actualmente en el proyecto TC22 / SC13 / WG 8 de la Organización Internacional de Normalización (ISO), Estudios coordinados sobre la tarea de respuesta de detección (DRT), como un sustituto de la demanda cognitiva. Se están realizando estudios en Alemania, Francia, Suecia, Canadá, China y los Estados Unidos. Se ha desarrollado una prueba para medir el potencial de distracción de las tareas.

Aquí el audio de este ejercicio cognitivo (inglés)

Innovation Studio

AgeLab ha desarrollado un método único para realizar talleres interactivos y sesiones de lluvia de ideas con proveedores de servicios empresariales, gubernamentales y de envejecimiento. Los estudios de innovación generalmente involucran al personal de investigación de AgeLab seleccionado y a miembros de una o más organizaciones que buscan comprender mejor el impacto del envejecimiento en sus negocios o desarrollar nuevas ideas de productos / políticas.

Miss Daisy (High-Fidelity Vehicle Simulator)

Es un simulador de conducción de alta fidelidad utilizado para evaluar la tecnología en el vehículo, la distracción cognitiva, la automatización, los efectos de enfermedades y medicamentos, y la validez del simulador.

Miss Daisy

AGNES

AGNES

Base de datos de voluntarios

El Agelab lleva a cabo una extensa agenda de investigación original que se basa en voluntarios de todas las edades para participar en experimentos, brindar sus opiniones, participar en encuestas y actuar como sujetos en otros estudios.


Algunas de sus más recientes publicaciones son:

König, K., Raue, M., D’Ambrosio, L. A., & Coughlin, J. F., (2019). Physical and Emotional Support of the Neighborhood for Older Adults: A Comparison of the United States and Germany. Journal of Environmental Psychology. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvp.2019.01.008

Lee, C., Ward, C., Miller., J., D’Ambrosio, L.A., and Coughlin, J.F. (2019). Transportation and the Oldest Old: Strategies and Technologies for Adapting to Changing NeedsTransportation Research Board 98th Annual Meeting. January 13-17, Washington, D.C

Brady, S., D’Ambrosio, L. A., Felts, A., Rula, E. Y., Kell, K. P., & Coughlin, J. F. (2018). Reducing isolation and loneliness through membership in a fitness program for older adults: Implications for health. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 1(21), doi: 10.1177/0733464818807820

Sin duda alguna, el agelab es un ejemplo a seguir por parte de todos los que nos involucramos en la investigación sobre envejecimiento y vejez, desde el diseño.

Produced by Lucy Craft and Chris Laible. © 2019 CBS Interactive Inc. All Rights Reserved

CBS

In the hillsides outside of Tokyo is the quaint village of Okutama, Japan … and Masahiro Yamada has what is probably the most important job in town: giving away homes.

His binder lists all of the empty and abandoned house in Okutama. If someone wants to come and live in the town, they potentially could get one for free. “Yes, if you live in the house for 15 years, we will give it to you for free,” Yamada said. 

“That’s a really good deal,” said correspondent Ben Tracy.

“Yes. We want people to settle here,” he replied.

Okutama isn’t generous; it’s desperate. In recent decades it’s lost half of its population. The main street is lined with closed storefronts; most of the people who still live here have what you might call senior status; and at the local school the entire third grade has just six kids (not so long ago there were dozens).

So, the race is on to find new residents.

Yamada has even resorted to playing Cupid, fixing up a couple and then gifting them with a home. “Yes,” he said. “We also gave them the house. We do it all!”

Nearly 1,000 other Japanese towns and villages face extinction because the country is simply running out of people. Japan’s population peaked several years ago, at 128 million in 2011. And if the dire forecasts come true, Japan will have as few as 59 million people by 2100. That means for every two Japanese residents today, there would be less than one left by the end of the century.

So, is this really a demographic time bomb?

“The bomb is going off,” said John Mock, an expert on population issues at Temple University Japan. He told Tracy what’s happening in Japan is a preview of what many Western countries, including the United States, will soon face.

“Take out immigration from the United States, you’re going to have basically a decreasing population or very close it,” Monk said. “There’s lots of yelling and screaming about immigration, but there’s very little discussion in the United States about birthrates, and what population do you want the United States to be.”

In Japan, which has historically opposed immigration, immigrants now make up less than 2% of the population. That’s led to an extreme labor shortage, and it is also why you see countless old Japanese men driving taxis in Tokyo rather than young new arrivals.

See more: https://www.cbsnews.com/news/one-shrinking-japanese-towns-plan-give-away-houses-for-free/

By Aysel Özdemir

Photo by Mochammad Algi on Pexels.com

Fall is defined as touching the ground in an unexpected and unprepared way due to a loss of balance as a result of the individual’s inattentiveness (Kuhırunyaratn et al., 2019; Kılınç et al., 2017). Loss of functions in old age increases the frequency of falling. According to the global report by the World Health Organization (WHO), it is stated that individuals aged 65 years and older fall at a rate of 28-35% every year and this rate increases in parallel with the increase of age and fragility level (World Health Organization, 2007).

Primary cause of death in individuals older than 65 years in the United States of America is falls (Kuhırunyaratn et al., 2019).

In a study conducted in Japan, it was determined that 16% of men and 22% of women would fall at least once (Mizukami et al., 2013). In a cohort study conducted in Boston with the elderly who had been followed for nearly 4.3 years, 1680 falls were reported (786 outdoors, 894 indoors). During the 4.3-year follow-up (663 in men, 1017 in women), a total of 1680 falls were reported (786 outdoors, 894 indoors). The rate of reporting; no fall was 37,3% in men and 36,4% in women; one fall was 20,3% in men and 20,8% in women, two falls was 13,8% in men and 13,1% in women, three or more falls was 28,6% in men and 29,7% in women. It was seen that the rates of falling on the pavements, streets and outdoors were similar in women and men, whereas the rates of falling indoors (especially in the kitchen) were almost two times higher in women than men (Duckham et al., 2013).

In a study conducted in Samsun, it was determined that 43,3% of the elderly fell indoors and consequently 16,4% of them had internal organ injuries, 53,2% bone fractures and 41,5% femur fractures the most (Kılınç et al., 2017). In a study conducted by Schluter et al. (2018) with patients suffering from incontinence in New Zealand, it was determined that 42,7% of men fell and 2,5% of them had fractures as a result of falling. In the study, it was also determined that 39,1% of women fell and 3,7% of them had fractures as a result of falling. In a study conducted by Pitchai et al. (2019), it was determined that fall prevalence was 24,98%. It was determined that 44,92% of the falls occurred in the morning, majority of them (65,43%) took place indoors and 56,45% were caused by slipping. Among the individuals who fell; 60,55% had a permanent disability and 34,70% developed fear of falling


(PDF) Old Age and Aging. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/336686689_Old_Age_and_Aging [accessed Oct 28 2019].